constitutional carry

List of Constitutional Carry States for Concealed Carry and Open Carry

Nationwide gun sales are continuing to set records (and, ammo shortages!). In addition, more states are upholding the 2nd Amendment as written.

“A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed.”

As of this most recent post date, not only have Utah and Montana recently joined the Constitutional Carry Club, but Iowa too (as of July, 2021).

Constitutional Carry States

As of this update April, 2021, the 19 Constitutional Carry states (no permit or license required) for concealed carry are as follows.

Note: Although I’m confident this list is accurate as of this time, don’t necessarily rely on internet lists. There may or may not be unintentional errors due to changing laws. Always check your specific state and local laws.

  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • Iowa (7/2021)
  • Idaho
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Maine
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • New Hampshire
  • North Dakota
  • Oklahoma
  • South Dakota
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia
  • Wyoming

In this ranking, Vermont is statistically the safest state. Additionally followed by Maine, Virginia, New Hampshire and Idaho.  

This means that the safest five states in the country are Constitutional Carry states.  Four of them allow permitless concealed carry; the fifth (Virginia) allows for permitless open carry.

Open Carry States

Furthermore, there are roughly another dozen additional states (28 total) that have Constitutional Carry for open carry.

Note: Some restrictions may or may not apply. Know your local laws.

  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • Delaware
  • Iowa
  • Idaho
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Michigan
  • Mississippi
  • Montana
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Mexico
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • South Dakota
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming

In my opinion there is still good reason to obtain a permit in your state. Even if you reside in a Constitutional Carry state. That is, if you travel. Permit Reciprocity with other states is advantageous.

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As the the old TV advertisement said “Don’t leave home without it.”

Ken, I live in a state where constitutional carry applies, not needing a permit for concealed carry. Regarding a permit, I’ve been hesitant because I just don’t want to end up on any kind of list. It would be pretty easy to use a list of all CCP in the country as a starting point for some kind of round up. Not having a permit does make it impossible to exercise the reciprocity with other states that you mentioned, which could be a problem if one had to travel to a safe place in another state.

Still weighing pros and cons, and am wondering if you or others on here have any word of wisdom on this.

If one is of sound mind, and one believes there is significant reason to proceed from one’s home armed, it really does not matter if one has a license, or not.

A citizen, who is otherwise perfectly able to be in possession of a firearm, who is caught with a concealed weapon on their person, which was not being used to commit any crime, is commonly guilty of a misdemeanor, if charges are even brought.

Whereas, the same citizen, who decides to carry a combat knife, or such a knife as is defined by law, concealed upon their person, if caught, is commonly guilty of a Felony.

One may not be able to obtain a concealed license in their State, or City, no matter their status. So, if one seriously thinks being in possession of a concealed firearm is necessary to protect lives, do so….AND DO NOT BOTHER WITH THE KNIFE.

If one is smart, they shall be able to carry a concealed firearm, wherein the chances of being caught, is so low, it is of no concern. If one is caught AFTER they had to use the firearm to defend themselves and their family members, and it was a good use of the weapon, just have a good story for the Police, Judge, and the Twelve Jurors.

For those who want take the additional step of getting insurance, such as through USCCA, is a license required to obtain a policy? And if so, is it merely shown to the agent, or kept on file at the agency?

Just my opinion of course but I believe getting the permit is the right thing to do. I have a ccw for California ( yes some counties still issue them ) and also have a Utah as that allows me to carry in 33 states outside of California. If you have a registered firearm, have bought ammo online or used a credit or debit card to buy in a store you are already on a list. If you ever had to defend yourself trust me you want to have as legal a right to have that gun on you as you can.

Just my opinion of course


Those are good considerations, thanks. Registration wasn’t required in the state I moved from, only some paperwork for one purchase in a store, that was approved in under 10 minutes. I don’t purchase on-line, or use a card. The reciprocity issue feels like an important thing to consider.

Yes, and in the court of public opinion, the news will report whether the defender was “licensed” to carry- even though they may be in a constitutional carry state. Public opinion can weigh heavily on how a prosecutor makes decisions on charges.

Farmgirl–as a retired LEO, I taught concealed carry for nearly 10 years. Yes, getting a state’s permit does put you on a list. However, the advantage of getting one does a couple of things:
1) If you’re ever stopped by an officer, showing a permit tells the officer you’re “one of the good guys” and not a threat;
2) If you ever have to use your weapon, it demonstrates you’ve gotten training, have an understanding of the law, and are doing everything you can to be a good law-abiding citizen–this goes a long way in avoiding criminal prosecution.
Carrying a weapon, open or concealed, is a heavy responsibility and not one to be taken lightly….get training, practice, and KNOW THE LAWS OF YOUR STATE!

My instructors told the class to keep their target so you can prove you were an able shot so to speak.

Things have changed….(at least one example)

“Why I’m Seriously Considering NOT Renewing My Carry Permit”

This is a YouTube video about 10 min long by a former LEO who had some experience on the job with other LEOs and CCW permit holders.



Just saw that on gab and watched it. Also reposted. I have tremendous respect for this retired officer for truly serving the people, even after retiring. My gut response to his message is he’s right. After hearing what he had to say, I think the fact that you’re basically registering yourself with the government as a gun owner, and the ramifications of that in the present environment, needs to be understood and considered.

Thanks for sharing this.

Patriot LEO,

Thank you for the feedback, especially from your experience. In normal times, I understand having the permit being a useful demonstration that one is a law-abiding, trained, good citizen. What about when times aren’t normal, though? Depending on jurisdiction, not all LE is patriotic/constitutional. I’m thankful many still are, and in my AO that seems to be the case. Federal LE is even more uncertain, and they would most likely be the ones seeking to enforce unlawful executive orders. There’s an awful lot of pressure on all of our LEO and service members right now to enforce some very questionable or outright unconstitutional orders.

—It’s the list aspect of things that concerns me. A federal .gov that does not respect the rights our constitution is supposed to protect, would use such a list for tyrannical purposes.

I agree 100% that the responsibility for carrying is tremendous and should be treated as such. It’s not just the legal aspect, it’s also training and being able to discern the appropriate response for different situations.

Anyone who knows me, knows I’m about as pro-gun as anyone in America. I believe the 2nd amendment speaks for itself and the founders were never ambiguous about it’s meaning or the reasons they deemed it so important. Every one of the Bill of Rights represents a God given right that had suffered years of abuse at the hands of a King who refused to acknowledge that commoners had any rights granted by anyone other than royalty.

Without the 2nd, we can kiss the rest of our God given rights goodbye, and beg for mercy and gifts from whatever authority or person in power.

….but, having said that, I say this……….I believe in civility and the right for people not to be provoked unnecessarily. For this reason, I cringe when so called 2nd amendment advocates dress up in battle dress and go into to public establishments with pistols and a slung rifle, intent on drawing attention to themselves under the guise of making a statement by exercising their rights.

I am perfectly comfortable with being around armed people, as I have spent nearly my entire life doing so. The only time I might get nervous is if they are screaming, something like…”Allah Akbar!”

I agree. Same reason I find “pride” demonstrations appalling. It only is done to provoke a response. A gun rack in your pickup or a holstered revolver for practical reasons is not for attention getting purposes.

“I cringe when so called 2nd amendment advocates dress up in battle dress and go into to public establishments with pistols and a slung rifle, intent on drawing attention to themselves under the guise of making a statement by exercising their rights.”

So do I but I still respect their right(s) for open carry. Personally, I carry concealed and I am comfortable drawing and engaging from this position. Aside from LE their are those individuals who almost always carry open: gun shop employees and pawnbrokers to name a few. While I do see your point and am generally in agreement there are circumstances where open carry in a public place is prudent. Since I live in a small town, far away from a large metropolitan area, I doubt if I would ever see the likes of headhunters like ANTIFA walking around but if I did, believe me when I say that I would have my gun out of holster and ready to engage. Certain types of people warrant certain types of actions. ANTIFA and BLM are threats to my town and a threat needs to be stopped in its place. And in case you’re wondering, most people in this town believe this very sentiment.

As you go from the N.E. to the West open carry goes from rare to common.
Is brandishing only committed during concealed carry?

In our state brandishing is only during concealed carry but placing your hand on your holstered gun (open carry) can also be considered “a threat” and is therefore not warranted depending on the situation.

Yep, I so much agree, Dennis.
A statement can be made without over enacted theatrics.

I believe those that go way above and beyond, in this measure, are not truly of us.


If I open carry, which is allowed in my state,
Dress in battle garb, with an AR slung across my back, it kinda defeats the purpose of Grey, doesn’t it?

Am I making a statement?
Or am I now a.Subject?

Conceal carry or open carry in the local Walmart, with cams everywhere?

Duh, which would I choose?

I have a flag. I have a vehicle window sticker.

I have an opinion.

It doesn’t mean or have any proof of my personal belongings.

I have no problem with open carry. Do what you want, open or concealed. Open Carry advocates get a hearty thumbs up from me. I’ve never seen an Open Carry Advocate act anything other than polite in public.

I have seen LEO attempt to intimidate open carry advocates and cringe when LEO dress up in battle gear in public and attempt to intimidate law abiding citizens. Most citizens don’t seem to worry about open carry, but it seems like LEO do.


No arguments from me. Folks who want to open carry….knock yourselves out…just understand, it’s going to alarm a goodly number of folks who will question your motivations.

One of the hardest things for me to get used to as a young police officer was all the eyes that followed every move I made, every moment I was in uniform and openly armed. People asking themselves “why is he here….what does he want…what’s he going to do?” Some people are glad to see you there, some folks wish you weren’t.

Why would anybody want to paint a target on themselves or draw attention unnecessarily?

I specifically pointed out folks dressing up in their tacti-cool gear and weapons. Have you forgot the young man who decided to make a 2nd amendment statement by visiting his local Wally World soon after the El Paso mass shooting? Shot down in the parking lot by a good guy carrying concealed. Not a tear was shed by the public or the district attorney. The young man technically had violated no law…unless you count stupid.

Look up pending legislation under bill #HR 127, then there is an article which I will ship over to Ken on this subject.
Lovely…not. If you believe in your 2nd amendment rights granted under the ‘Bill of Rights’

I think the short term goal of any 2nd Amendment organization should be to get at least 3/4 of the States to approve Constitutional Carry. GOA, NRA etc…WHERE ARE YOU?????!!!?????

0 compliance.

    We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness—-That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed, that whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these Ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, 

Bummin’, Actually, she filed it January 4.
. . . .
Here’s my take on it from an article I wrote a while back:
. . . .
“Several “gun control” bills – Most egregious is one of several submitted by Ms. Shirley Jackson Lee, H.R. 127 requiring licensing of firearms owners prior to purchasing many guns and ammo. Others can talk more legally about how this abridges our Second Amendment rights and still others about how FBI and CDC statistics simply do not support limiting access to rifles.

I’m not even going to get into the weirdness and the cost of the mandatory psych eval of license applicants, including interviewing their families and friends. What alarms me most is that all the information collected on those licensed will be publicly available information. This is a clear violation of the Privacy Act, that will put all gun owners and their families at risk of doxing, abuse, and attack, not just from the cancel culturists, but from those who want their guns.” . . . .

I can’t believe anyone thinks this is about anything but total gun confiscation. I consider this a declaration of war by the illegal communist regime against our constitution and our citizenry.

They want to push us into a civil war,
That will give them the opportunity to remove ALL of the peoples rights, just like venezuela

Bummin’, That’s right. But here’s something else folks should be aware of (from same article): “Even more menacing is Lee’s proposed H.R. 137 which provides $500 million to expand mental health services to the up to one-half of all Americans who at some time in their lives could use such a service, and to “assist the reporting of relevant disqualifying mental health information to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.” Stalin, who weaponized psychiatry, would have approved.”

If you have medicare one of the questions is if you experience depression. never say yes.

A bill is currently making its way through the Indiana legislature to do away with gun licenses, gun fees, and permits and to adopt constitutional carry. A heads up to Hoosiers, let your local rep know they need to support this bill.

This is where we’re going: State Senate resolution rejects federal gun control laws


The text of the resolution recognizes that Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution gives Congress the power to regulate commerce. However, the authors of the resolution say this should only apply to interstate commerce, and the Michigan government should have control over gun manufacture, possession, exchange, and use of firearms within the state’s borders.

By approving the resolution, the State Senate rejects any federal rules that “infringe on the people’s right to keep and bear arms,” be they past, present, or future.

Tennessee just passed a permitless carry law for handguns only. Gov has not signed yet. Must be 21 and not crazy or a felon or military 18-20.

Gov. Lee said that he would…we’ll see.
This is the furthest Constitutional Carry has ever gotten in our state.

Biden is expected to sign executive orders on gun control Thursday

Biden is expected to include in the orders:

“Biden will direct the administration to begin the process of requiring buyers of so-called ghost guns — homemade or makeshift firearms that lack serial numbers — to undergo background checks, according to three people who have spoken to the White House about the plans. He is expected to be joined at the event by Attorney General Merrick Garland,” POLITICO reported Wednesday. “Other executive actions remain unclear. But stakeholders have speculated that the president could announce regulations on concealed assault-style firearms; prohibitions on firearm purchases for those convicted of domestic violence against their partners; and federal guidance on home storage safety measures.”

I saw that, too. The puppet masters couldn’t get the votes to pass actual legislation, so they will have the puppet sign an EO. I’m picturing several states Attorneys General suing for over-reach against 2A.

Less than 90 days in office and already so much damage done. You would think they would have their hands full with all of the global conflicts they are cultivating.

can take his EO and FO


And how, pray tell, will they know who all these ghost gun/assault-style firearms owners are? They won’t know exactly, though they may have some lists already drawn up. I expect most people won’t just come forward and ask for a background check.

—The case before the Supreme Court regarding warrantless entry, under the color of community caretaking, would be a very convenient way to find these soon to be illegal weapons. Anyone that has ever sought mental health services, had a domestic disturbance call, bought ammo on-line for a weapon they don’t show up in the system as having registered, etc…might want to prepare to expect a community caretaking visit.

I posted yesterday, having read the transcript for the oral arguments. If the .gov gets what they want in this case, the 4th amendment will exist in name only.


I’m gonna guess that the writer of the story has little knowledge of firearms…….”concealed assault style firearms”?……maybe meaning pistol carbines with shoulder brace?…..or a catch-all for any so-called high capacity firearm?

I’m guessing here, but the BATF got shot down by the courts when they tried to reverse their earlier ok’s on shoulder braced pistol carbines and 80% receivers. Court ruled that bureaucrats couldn’t interpret legislated law. BATF backed off (on advice of counsel I’m sure) because law makers intentionally left much of the interpretation and enforcement of their gun restrictions up to the bureaucrats for interpretation. Maybe the puppet masters are going to test run executive orders to court challenges, since executive orders cannot create law, only direct how laws will be enforced. Should be shot down though, since the courts, in the prior ruling, cited BATF falling under the executive branch and the separation of powers from the legislative and their responsibility to spell out what is illegal.

Gotta wonder if….nah….will never happen….a reporter with enough gumption to ask if Biden will insist that his son, Hunter, be prosecuted for the now well publicized violation of lying on the firearms purchase transfer form about his drug use?

…….nope, these laws (not really laws, edicts from on high) are meant only for the groveling masses….not those in high (pun intended) places.

Indeed. When I look at the 28 states that allow Constitutional “open carry” I see states such as Arizona, New Mexico, Washington, and Nevada all blue states with governors who loudly support and follow every word that Joe Dementia says. It is not far-fetched to think that when Puppet Joe signs these unconstitutional laws into place these same governors will fall into line locked step in accordance with der Fuhrer.

Ill use rocks if i gotta

IIRC, a domestic violence conviction is already disqualifying.

In many jurisdictions, you can permanently lose your 2A Rights with a MISDEMEANOR Domestic Violence conviction.

I think Felony loss of Civil Rights for a lifetime is unwarranted in many or most cases, but absolutely unjustified for ANY misdemeanor conviction (other than when you are serving the sentence up to 1 year in most cases)

I pray for the day when the Fed Court System has a crack at these Blatantly UN-Contitutional laws


The next attack on our 2A rights may be hidden in the control of currency by restricting what we can purchase. How you ask?

Once all money is digital, you won’t have the option of withdrawing your cash and avoiding negative rates. You will be trapped in a digital pen with no way out.

They can also dictate how much you can spend, take tax any time, how much you can save and how much should be re-distributed, ….

It’s already happening, when you look at banks refusing to do business with gun companies, shutting off accounts or refusing loans for businesses that don’t bow to their climate rulings, etc. They test it out with business first, see how much push-back there is before they apply it to the peons.

Biden live….attacking 2A ……says no right is absolute……”can’t yell CROWD in a fired theater (yes, that’s what he actually said)……said that even from the beginning of the nation, all men could not own guns (he’s right….slaves were prohibited) ……..cited the mass shootings in Atlanta a Boulder ( did not cite the perpetrators)……….

……..lies and innuendo……mixed with dementia driven drivel…..hard to watch……

The 2A is purely a means for We the People to stand up to an abusive government.
we are there!
I know you know this D, but people need to be reminded


Are you sure about that?…….are you sure the founding fathers weren’t talking about shooting skeet off the promenade deck of their yachts?

Elitists will tell you that the founding fathers could not have envisioned common folks ever owning AR’s…..but they did foresee the time the common man would have to rise up against an abusive government with equal (or superior) firepower…..they already knew the superiority of a frontiersman with a Pennsylvania rifle to a redcoat with a Brown Bess musket…..doubt it ever crossed their mind that the government ever be allowed to be better armed than the people….

That always irks the hell out of me when i hear some dumbazz liberal or politician and even republicans saying they arent taking your hunting rifles,,,
how do they know? Maybe i shoot deer with that REPR.

No, they’re not taking your hunting rifles–just the ability to own, transfer, sell or use them. Also the ability to own, transfer, sell or use ammunition or parts.

Words, you know.

Like I said before,
Ill use rocks if i have to

……oh good…..either he’s done away with the ATF or has created a new agency called the AFT…or…AFC….or….ATE…or… a fly landed on his teleprompter………but whichever it will have a new director who is an anti-gun activist who had worked for Mike Blomberg’s organization……….

Tennessee can be added to the list.
Gov Lee signed the Constitutional Carry bill just a bit ago.

Never give up your protection.

BRUTAL: Female Postal Worker Viciously Beaten in Flint, Michigan Over Delayed Stimulus Checks.
Just wait until the EBT cards don’t load or the welfare checks stop.

i wonder what happens when the moratorium on evictions for non payment of rent goes away, they keep kicking it down the road, but for how long? And then what?

I think we will see the government spending more printed money to pay most of those rents as well as the 50k for each student loan. There is no limit on the money give-a-ways. Just like in the books by Bracken. Just wait until full reparations go out.

and there is no longer any reward for saving, paying off debts, being responsible, … except for personal peace of mind, sense duty, and ethics.

It’s unbelievable how financially irresponsible our .g o v and many individuals have become. I read an article today that Hungary just trippled their physical reserve of gold, after increasing it ten-fold a couple of years ago. It’s unbelievable to me that countries including Russia and Hungary have a better ratio of gold in reserve to national debt than we do… and it’s not even close.

And no one really knows how much gold China is holding. There have been many articles speculating on how much gold China REALLY holds… some say more than 20,000 tons… but they claim to have only about 1,000 tons.And Yellin keeps preaching the “Go Big” on borrowing to any government that will listen. I just have to assume it’s to try to get everyone else in as bad a shape as we are.

I swear one day we are going to wake up and China will be done buying gold, and announce they have massive holdings to back their currency, and we are going to be in some real trouble then. That’s if the puppet in chief doesn’t get us into a shooting war before then.

Personally i believe that is the end game, currency devalued and worthless and the way the military is going down the tubes we are in for a hostile takeover.

Seattle has already said that the people being evicted get taxpayer funded lawyers.